End of Spanish Inquisition
The End and The Results of The Spanish Inquisition
The Inquisition had ensured that there was no religious freedom in Spain. For centuries Protestantism, Judaism and Islam were outlawed. Even before the establishment of the Inquistion by Fredinand and Isabella, Jewish people had to live in walled ghettos with in the cities so that their beliefs and culture could not spread.
The pope tried to use the Inquisition against the growing protestant movement of the 1500s, but the Protestants were much too strong. They were protected by British, Swedish, German, Dutch, and Swiss goverments.
The power of the Spanish Inquisition finally began to wane and by 1834, it was finally suppressed. The results of the Inquisition have been revised upon the review of their archives. Farther reports indicate possibly more than 200,000 Jewish Spaniards fled Spain to escape persecution. Many people suffered religious persecution and were killed while the Spanish Inquisition served the materialistic demands and political goals of the aristocracy.
The Inquisition ended in the early 1800s. During that time 323, 362 people where burned and 17, 659 were burned in effigy. More than sixteen thousand books were burned in one auto de fe. The Spanish Inquisition also had its own Index of Prohibited Books. It was first published in 1551 and continuously updated to keep up with the growth in writings branded heretical. The Spanish Inquisitions regin or terror was abloished by King Bonaparte in the 1800s, but it wasnt until january of 1968 when the offical Office of the Inquisition at the Vatuican was closed.
Today the Roman Catholic Chruch still wants its members to follow church doctrine but its pushiments are nothing more than official excommunication, and even that doesnt happen very often. The church soon reconsidered its past actions. Recently Pope John Paul II had a church commission review, that was best known as the the Inquisition case. The commission decided that the church was wrong when it punished Galileo in 1633 for declaring that the Earth was not the center of the universe.
After the 15th century, English, Dutch, and Italian writers produced anti-Catholic, anti-Spanish propaganda that depicted the Inquisition as fanatic, cruel, and barbaric. In the 18th century, when the tribunal was in decline in Spain as well as elsewhere in Europe and Spanish America, contemporary writers execrated it as the instrument of tyranny and superstition. The Inquisition was abolished in Spain by Joseph Bonaparte in the early 1800s. It was restored in 1813 by the reactionary Ferdinand VII, but without practical effect because there was no inquisitor general, and it was finally suppressed in 1834. It came to an end undefended by the nobility, which had brought about its creation, and detested by the people, for whom its existence had once been synonymous with Christianity. The Spanish attitude toward it had shifted markedly over the centuries. For the Inquisition had enjoyed, during the first two centuries of its existence, the wholehearted support of the majority of the Spanish people. The autos-da-fe, staged with such splendor, had been occasions of gladness and joy to many Spaniards.
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