New England Colonies


New England Colonies

    When people hear the New England Colonies, most think of the first thirteen colonies. Actually, there were four original New England Colonies. This included Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, and New Hampshire. They hold an important part in the survival of the English colonies.

    The colony known as Massachusetts, was founded by a fraction of Puritans. These Puritans came to America in search of religious freedom, and in turn, non-Puritans were forced to practice the same beliefs. Those not practicing the Puritan faith were punished by being whipped and sometimes persecuted. Many were forced out of Massachusetts into another colony where the settled, Rhode Island.

    Rhode Island was the place dissenters were forced to live. Any religion founded and practiced in Rhode Island was accepted. This was the first colony to accept all religious beliefs. Many of the dissenters that were not forced to settle in Rhode Island settled in Connecticut.

    Connecticut was founded by Thomas Hooker who was an angry Puritan minister fighting for religious rights. It was in this colony that the first written plan for government of the four colonies was produced. It was also here that the settlers and Native Americans had the first big battle. A trouble making white trader was the cause of this battle, and was attacked by a Pequot Native American. It was won by the English settlers.

    The final of the four colonies is New Hampshire. It was at one time part of the Massachusetts colony. It was founded in 1679 after settlers were given permission by the English King to start a new colony.

    The Puritans that came to America in the early 1600`s came on the Mayflower, landing at Plymouth. These people founded the first four colonies. We know them today as New Hampshire, Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island. These colonies played a very important role in the survival of the English interests in America.

Works Cited

1. First Facts About The States. David Stienecker. © 1996 Blackbirch Press, Inc. page 63.

2. Google Image Search. Google. http://images.google.com/images?q=new+england+colonies&hl=en 2002

3. History Day Part 3. author unknown. http://www.geocities.com/SiliconValley/Way/9301/HistoryDay3.html#Connecticut Date of Access November Januaury 4, 2001

4. Life in the Thirteen Colonies 1650-1750. Stuart Kallen. © 1990 Abdo and Daughters pages 7-16.

5. The New England Colonies. author unknown. http://www.esd.k12.ca.us/Cadwallader/Room%2020/Colonies/ne.html. Date of Access November 15, 2001

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